Carbon-neutral chemical industry

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Eesti Energia's goal is to achieve a carbon-neutral chemical industry based on a circular economy by 2040. The production of liquid fuels will be gradually replaced by the production of plastics and compounds needed for other industries. Next to oil shale, waste plastics and waste tyres will be used as raw materials.

We help reduce environmental problems

Millions of tons of non-recyclable waste plastics and waste tyres are generated in Europe every year, which are burned or landfilled due to the lack of recycling options. This is a huge burden on the environment.

Our decades of experience and unique know-how allow us to reprocess such waste together with oil shale in Enefit's pyrolysis plants and to produce chemical products needed for the manufacture of consumer goods. Plastics that become trash become a raw material for us again. This creates a closed circle.

Our chemical industry based on the circular economy will be almost completely waste-free, as the by-product of each stage will be a raw material for a next product, including CO2. The transition to a chemical industry also means new competence, well-paid jobs and income for both Ida-Virumaa and the whole of Estonia.

Chemical industry scheme

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We solve important challenges

We help reduce global warming and catch CO2.

We solve the problem of waste. We will soon be able to process all waste plastics and waste tyres generated in the Baltic States.

Jobs in Ida-Virumaa will be preserved, the competitiveness of the region will increase and unique competence will be developed.

We increase income for our company, Ida-Virumaa and the state.

We develop skills and technology that can be exported.

We have identified technologies for CO2 capture

A study conducted together with TalTech has selected two technologies with the greatest potential to capture carbon from Eesti Energia's pyrolysis plants. The next step is to choose the most suitable among them together with technology providers and to find the best ways to use the captured CO2 in the future with research and development partners.

CO2 capture study

CO2 capture study

We solve the problem of waste plastics

47.5 million tons of plastic waste is generated annually in Europe, of which 65% is burned for energy production or deposited in landfills. Enefit's technology enables the processing of hundreds of thousands of tons of waste plastics per year that cannot be recycled in any other way. Such as waste consisting of several different plastic materials and plastics that are very dirty.

We turn waste, which causes many environmental problems, into a valuable resource, thus reducing the share of oil shale in production. We plan to start the industrial use of waste plastics in 2024, but we will start reprocessing waste tyres before that. At full capacity, Enefit could turn all the waste plastics and tyres generated in the Baltic States into new useful products, that is hundreds of thousands of tons of garbage that would otherwise be deposited in landfills or burned in furnaces with a large carbon footprint.

4 exciting facts

Research in cooperation with the Oil Shale Competence Centre of Tallinn University of Technology has proven that Enefit's pyrolysis plants are suitable for reprocessing various plastic mixtures.

Only quite clean waste consisting of one type of plastic can be recycled in the conventional (mechanical) way. Enefit's pyrolysis plants enable the processing of mixed plastic waste as well, which currently needs to be burned or landfilled.

Plastics contain over three times more oil than oil shale. Their use as raw materials for the chemical industry contributes to reducing petroleum production.

CO2 can become an opportunity instead of a problem. Our aim is to turn CO2 into a valuable resource from which various chemical products can be made.

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